Under-hand Throw


Physical: throwing, catching, under-hand technique, upper limb coordination, hand-eye coordination

Cognitive: selective attention, visual processing

Social: turn taking

Number of participants:

2 or more


bean bag, different sized balls


  1. child throws a ball to another person using an under-hand throw (swing arm back-to-front like a pendulum, like you would a bowling ball)

Modifications to make the activity easier:

Change the environment: have children stand closer together to decrease physical and cognitive demand

Change the task: have the child use two hands for the activity to decrease physical demand

Modifications to make the activity harder:

Change the environment: increase the distance between partners to increase physical and cognitive demand

Change the equipment: have the child use only one hand for the activity to increase physical demand

Goal examples:

  • the child will be able to accurately underhand throw a medium-sized ball to a friend, 8 out of 10 times
  • I can swing my arm like a pendulum, back and forth