Categories: |



Physical: side to side movement, agility, balance, lower extremity coordination, gross motor skill

Cognitive: sustained attention

Social: turn taking (if doing activity with more than one person)

Number of participants:



optional: cones or masking tape


  1. child steps side-to-side to the left and to the right

Modifications to make the activity easier:

Change the environment: use cones to mark the distance that the child must side step to decrease cognitive demand 

Change the task:

  • have the child do 1-3 side steps only to decrease physical demand
  • have the child hold the coach’s hand to complete the activity to decrease physical demand

Modifications to make the activity harder:

Change the environment:

  • have child complete the activity in a noisy room to increase cognitive demand
  • complete activity with more children to increase social demand

Change the task:

  • have the child look straight ahead while side stepping to increase physical demand 
  • encourage the child to side step then shuffle to increase physical and cognitive demand 
  • have the child change directions while side stepping (e.g., 3 side steps to left, 3 side steps to right) to increase physical and cognitive demand

Goal examples:

  • the child will be able to side-step for 10 steps in both directions (left and right) while looking forward
  • I can side-step