Protect the Castle


Physical: under-hand tossing technique, upper limb coordination, hand-eye coordination

Cognitive: selective attention, visual processing

Social: teamwork

Number of participants:



  • 4 large cones
  • 4 balls of one colour, several other balls


  • set up 4 cones with a ball on top in the middle of the room
  • four children stand in front of the cones to “protect the castle”
  • all other children throw balls to try to knock the balls off of the cones

Modifications to make the activity easier:

Change the environment: have the child aim at a specific cone/ball to decrease cognitive demand

Change the equipment: use a bigger lighter ball on top of the cones to decrease physical demand

Modifications to make the activity harder:

Change the environment: increase the distance between child who is throwing at the ball and cone to increase physical and cognitive demand

Change the equipment: decrease the number of balls a child can throw at a cone to increase physical demand

Goal examples:

  • I will be able to accurately underhand throw the ball to knock down a ball off a cone placed 2m away, 2 out of 3 times
  • I can knock away balls that are thrown to protect the castle

Activity adapted from video above.