Physical: reaction time, agility, power, lower limb coordination, balance

Cognitive: visual processing, selective attention

Social: taking turns

Number of participants:

two or more


medium-sized ball


  1. children take turns dropping and kicking a small ball high in the air for the other child(ren) to catch
  2. the child who catches the ball is the next to kick it


Parndo is a traditional game played by Aboriginal people from South Australia. The word Parndo originated from the Kaurna language which was “a ball to play with.”


Modifications to make the activity easier:

Change the equipment: use a bigger ball (e.g., beach ball) to decrease physical and cognitive demand

Change the task: have the coach hold the ball off the ground for the child to kick to decrease physical and cognitive demand 

Modifications to make the activity harder:

Change the task:

  • have the child alternate kicking foot to increase cognitive demand
  • have the child stand farther away to increase physical demand

Goal examples:

  • I will be able to kick the ball in the air (e.g., adequate force and direction toward the other players) 4 out of 5 tries
  • I can drop and kick the ball to my friend