Physical: balance, upper and lower limb coordination, teamwork, reaction time, hand-eye coordination

Cognitive: sustained attention, selective attention, visual processing, divided attention

Social: understanding of personal space, turn taking

Number of participants:

4 or more


  • medium-sized ball


  1. one child is in the middle of the group;
  2. the children surrounding the child pass around a ball to keep it away and must jump up like a kangaroo when they pass the ball


This game originated from the Aboriginal peoples from the north west central districts of Queensland. Keentan means “play” in the Wik-Mungkan language. 


Modifications to make the activity easier:

Change the equipment: use a larger ball to decrease physical demand

Change the task: allow the child to jump first, and then throw the ball to decrease physical demand

Modifications to make the activity harder:

Change the environment:

  • increase the number of children on the teams to increase social demand
  • have a time limit for how long the child can hold the ball to increase physical demand

Change the equipment: use a smaller ball to increase physical demand

Goal examples:

  • the child will be able to jump and pass the ball successfully 4 out of 5 times from 3m apart
  • I can catch and throw the ball to my friends