Categories: |



Physical: upper limb coordination, hand-eye coordination, reaction time

Cognitive: visual perception, sustained attention, selective attention

Number of participants:

1 or more


  • medium-sized ball
  • cone on which to place the ball


  1. child hits the ball off a cone
Adaptations for Wheelchair Users:

Children who are using wheelchairs can practice holding the ball with one hand and hit the ball with their other hand while sitting in their wheelchair.

Modifications to make the activity easier:

Change the task: have the parent or coach hold the ball steady to decrease physical and cognitive demand

Change the equipment: use a larger ball to decrease physical demand

Modifications to make the activity harder:

Change the task: have another person gently toss the ball for the child to strike to increase physical and cognitive demand

Change the equipment: use a smaller ball to increase physical demand

Goal examples:

  • the child will be able to accurately strike the ball 8 out of 10 times for a distance of 2m
  • I can strike the ball off of the cone with my left hand