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Explore the Hop


Physical: coordinated hopping, balance, upper and lower limb coordination

Cognitive: sustained attention

Social: awareness of personal space

Number of participants:

1 or more




Children hop in different ways.


    • hop in place on right/left foot
    • hop side-to-side
    • hop forward
    • hop backward
    • hop forward and swing your arms
    • hop forward and keep your arms still
    • hop to the drumbeat
    • hop 5 times in a row and change feet
    • hop with hands on hips
    • hop with hands behind head
    • hop with arms straight out at the sides
    • hop with arms straight out in front
    • hop quickly
    • hop slowly
    • hop and turn in place
    • hop while holding non-hopping leg
    • hop-jump sequence
    • hop with eyes closed
    • hop forward in a straight line
    • hop in place 10 times in a row then hop forward 10 times
    • hop 3 times on one foot then switch
    • hop without using arms
    • hop in rhythm with a partner
    • hop while bouncing a ball
    • hop in different patterns on the floor
    • hop softly
    • hop back and forth over a line
    • turn around while hopping in place)

Modifications to make the activity easier:

Change the environment: have the child hold an adult’s hand for balance to decrease physical demand

Change the task: allow the child to take a rest break every 30 seconds to decrease physical demand

Modifications to make the activity harder:

Change the environment: have the child try the activity on a softer surface (i.e., grassy field) to increase physical demand

 Change the task: challenge the child to create a sequence of different hops to increase cognitive and physical demand

Goal examples:

  • I will be able to hop on one leg in one spot 10 times in a row for 2 out of 3 tries
  • I can hop in different ways.

Activity adapted from video above.